The thickness in a knitted material is directly related to the Deniers of the yarn.
Deniers: weigh in grams of 9Km of thread.
Each type of yarn comes in different Deniers depending on its composition, that means that we need to join several spools to achieve the thickness needed.
The most common Thickness used for footwear with 12 gauge machines is 600D but we can modify this number depending on the requirements of each design.  
Knitting in Shape is one of the most important
characteristics of this type of knitting technique.
Instead of making a big role of textile you can
save material by following the exact shape of the
shell pattern.
Not only this but the knitted pieces can get a 3D
shape by using pivot lines. These are holes in the
structure that are being reconnected several rows
after in order to create tension enough to change
the direction of the knit.
As you can see in these examples there are many different ways to approach the construction of a knitted upper, choosing well at the beginning will save you time and money


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